The energy crisis is the best time to think about electric vehicles and propose solutions for urban mobility.
How is the energy crisis impacting mobility? Traditionally, the main means of transport, such as cars, motorcycles, buses, trucks and aircraft, use fossil fuels for their operation. However, with the need for the energy transition to maintain the environment and the crises that have been occurring not only in Brazil, there is a need to think about the future of mobility and electric vehicles emerge as the solution.
Initially, it may seem a paradoxical relationship, after all, if there is an energy crisis, how can electric vehicles replace traditional ones powered by fossil fuels? But the answer lies in the planning. As cities grow, sustainable mobility becomes a challenge. In this sense, the digital revolution and renewable energies will revolutionize the mobility system in cities.
The relationship between the energy crisis and the future of mobility
According to the European Environment Agency (AEMA), cities occupy only 2% of the earth’s surface. However, the big problem occurs when people focus on these places.
In 2019, according to the UN, 56% of the world’s population lived in cities, with more than 500 municipalities exceeding one million inhabitants. In addition, there are places that exceed 20 million inhabitants, such as Tokyo, New Delhi, Shanghai, São Paulo and Mexico City. Adding all cities together, they consume 70% of the world’s energy, causing supply problems as well as mobility problems.
Thus, with the acceleration of urbanization in recent years, the future of mobility begins to be put on the agenda. How will it be possible to serve the entire population with the necessary energy and at the same time take care of the planet?
The answer lies in a combination of solutions, such as smart cities, big data, machine learning, electric vehicles and renewable and sustainable energies. In the energy sector, for example, it is necessary to overcome some obstacles, such as the waste of energy – whether in obsolete equipment or in production processes – and the increase in energy production through clean and renewable sources.
In this way, the energy crisis will not affect the population’s supply and can still be used as a source for a model of conscious mobility, with electric vehicles as a propulsion source.
The future of electric mobility in Brazil
When talking about electric vehicles, a lot is thought about the supply of these cars that could overload the offer, which in Brazil, is already scarce in some moments of crisis. However, the impact they could have on national consumption is small.
According to studies carried out by the National Association of Automotive Vehicle Manufacturers (ANFAVEA), in 2035, we will have more than 60% of Brazilian electric vehicles, which will consume only 1.5% of the national volume of energy produced. In other words, the new model should not be considered a villain for energy generation.
The big problem in this scenario is that Brazil is quite behind both in planning and in the implementation of infrastructure to be able to stimulate electric models. Norway, for example, became in 2020 the first country in the world where electric cars represented more than 50% of new registrations in the last 12 months.
According to the Brazilian Electric Vehicle Association (ABVE), in 2021, Brazil had an estimated fleet of 60,000 electric-powered cars, out of a total of 58 million registered cars. In other words, a very small amount.
Currently, there are two impediments that hinder this development. First, the value of these car models exceeds BRL 100,000, in addition to the lack of infrastructure in cities for the possibility of charging stations.
Brazil already has a clean and renewable energy matrix and has seen investments in wind, photovoltaic and thermoelectric energy grow in recent years. Therefore, it is necessary to take advantage of market changes and encourage the model so that the country can keep up with trends. If you liked the content, follow us on social networks and don’t miss any news.
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