Green bonds or green bonds are financial instruments that help compose climate finance with the aim of mitigating the damage caused to the environment due to the use of fossil fuels, deforestation and other anthropic actions.
How to use biogas for aviation and maritime transport? There is enormous potential for this gas to develop in Brazil and contribute to the production of renewable fuels, reducing greenhouse gas emissions...
The use of bioenergy has been drawing attention around the world, after all, it has great potential for sustainability, becoming an alternative to help in the energy transition. By investing in bioenergy, it is possible to replace conventional sources from fossil fuels, such as oil, coal and natural gas.
Since the beginning of Russia's attacks on Ukraine in February 2022, the energy issue has been on the agenda, showing the urgency of accelerating the global energy transition, especially in the case of European countries. With the sanctions imposed on Russia, there was a shortage of Russian oil and gas, bringing global consequences from an economic point of view. In other words, the increase in the price of gasoline and its derivatives, regardless of whether the fuel is of Russian origin or not, has had an impact on the value of all products transported by road.
The carbon market emerged in 1997, at COP 3, in Japan. It was with the Kyoto Protocol that the first rules for regulated markets and the permission to create voluntary markets were instituted. Since then, countries have joined the market and created their own initiatives.
The possible suspension of readjustments in the electricity sector has been causing uncertainty in the market. Due to the shortage of rains that occurred in 2020 and 2021, the National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL) released new increases in energy rates.
The country set a record for expanding installed wind power capacity in 2021, according to federal government data. The source already represents 11% of the Brazilian energy matrix, constituting about 20 GW of installed power. With the increase, Brazil took the sixth position in the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) ranking of total installed capacity of onshore wind energy, in 2021.
Energy efficiency became a topic of discussion shortly after the oil crisis in the 1970s, when it was realized that fossil reserves would not be cheap and abundant forever. In addition, it was also at this time that there was a greater awareness of the damage that the use of this type of fuel generated for the environment. As a result, it was necessary to think of alternatives to maintain energy generation, using other sources and improving the efficiency of those already used.
What is the expectation for the Ten Year Energy Expansion Plan (PDE) 2031? Since January 2022, the MME has turned its attention to the PDE 2031, opening the public consultation to receive contributions from society. At the end of the term, in February, the participation of more than 50 institutions was registered.
How important is natural gas in the energy transition? The change in the energy matrix of countries is already a reality. However, each nation opts for sources that are more interesting for the domestic scenario of their countries. In this sense, Brazil has specific challenges in the application of natural gas in this process, ranging from marketing issues to infrastructure and logistics regulation.