With the resumption of activities in the post-pandemic period, there was an increase in electricity consumption in Brazil. Mainly, the beverage, food and service sectors were responsible for the 1.4% increase compared to the same period last year. According to the CCEE survey, in the first half of 2022, the country consumed an average of 66.02 MW of electricity.
Initially, it is essential to understand the difference between energy matrix and electrical matrix. The first covers all sources available in a country, state or the world that meet the demand for total energy generation. The second consists only of the set of sources available to generate electricity, whether for homes, industries or other institutions.
Since the beginning of Russia's attacks on Ukraine in February 2022, the energy issue has been on the agenda, showing the urgency of accelerating the global energy transition, especially in the case of European countries. With the sanctions imposed on Russia, there was a shortage of Russian oil and gas, bringing global consequences from an economic point of view. In other words, the increase in the price of gasoline and its derivatives, regardless of whether the fuel is of Russian origin or not, has had an impact on the value of all products transported by road.
The possible suspension of readjustments in the electricity sector has been causing uncertainty in the market. Due to the shortage of rains that occurred in 2020 and 2021, the National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL) released new increases in energy rates.
The energy transition is a subject that has become a trend in many countries. With the advance of global warming and its consequences, there is an urgent need for migration to a low carbon economy.
How will energy consumption in Brazil in the next decade? The energy sector in the country and around the world has been undergoing a transition with the aim of promoting decarbonization, digitization and decentralization (3Ds).
How is the energy crisis impacting mobility? Traditionally, the main means of transport, such as cars, motorcycles, buses, trucks and aircraft, use fossil fuels for their operation. However, with the need for the energy transition to maintain the environment and the crises that have been occurring not only in Brazil, there is a need to think about the future of mobility and electric vehicles emerge as the solution.
Unfortunately, Brazil has not had a good position in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. While other countries had a reduction of almost 7% with the effects of the pandemic, our country increased this rate by 9.5%. Of the five sectors of the economy that account for the totality of emissions in the country: three increased (agriculture, waste and land use change), one remained stable (industrial processes) and one declined (energy).
With the water crisis, new opportunities in the energy sector emerged. If before the crisis, the most advantageous energy model was that of hydroelectric power plants, the lack of rain that caused the historic drought and, consequently, the rise in tariffs, meant that other options began to be considered in energy generation.
In the current scenario in the country, understanding what energy efficiency is is important to identify opportunities for optimization from generation to consumption. In times of water and energy crisis, these actions help to reduce costs, maintain supply and reduce waste, which also contributes to the environment. Thus, energy efficiency aims to optimize the use of energy sources to reduce costs and collaborate with the environment. That is, carry out the same processes using fewer resources.