Green hydrogen, considered the “fuel of the future”, is at the center of discussions about the global energy transition. Produced through renewable sources, such as wind and solar energy, it does not emit carbon, being an alternative to fossil fuels. Its versatility makes it a valuable input for industries such as fertilizers, cement and petrochemicals, as well as being a potential fuel for maritime and air transport.
Brazilian Legal Framework
Recently, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved the project (PL 2308/2023) that establishes a legal framework for the production and use of green hydrogen in the country. This legal framework introduces the National Low-Carbon Emission Hydrogen Policy, defining rules for the certification of producing companies, regulation of the sector and management by the National Agency for Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels. In addition, the project provides tax incentives for the production of green hydrogen, including the Special Incentive Regime for the Production of Low Carbon Emission Hydrogen (Rehydro).
Experts point out that Brazil has abundant natural and energy resources to produce and export green hydrogen. With 80% of its energy matrix coming from clean sources, the country has a competitive advantage in reducing production costs. The approval of the legal framework is seen as a significant step for the Brazilian energy sector and the fight against greenhouse gas emissions.
Comprehensive Vision and Social Impact
The implementation of the green hydrogen legal framework represents a significant advance for Brazilian society and the job market. The transition to a low-carbon economy, driven by green hydrogen production, could generate new employment opportunities and technological development. Furthermore, the reduction in dependence on fossil fuels favors the improvement of air quality and the mitigation of climate change, contributing to a more sustainable future.
The legal framework for green hydrogen in Brazil is a fundamental step in the country’s energy transition. It paves the way for significant investment in the sector, promoting innovation and sustainability. With the potential to become one of the global leaders in the production of green hydrogen, Brazil positions itself at the forefront of a cleaner and more efficient energy era.