The carbon market emerged in 1997, at COP 3, in Japan. It was with the Kyoto Protocol that the first rules for regulated markets and the permission to create voluntary markets were instituted. Since then, countries have joined the market and created their own initiatives.
What is the expectation for the Ten Year Energy Expansion Plan (PDE) 2031? Since January 2022, the MME has turned its attention to the PDE 2031, opening the public consultation to receive contributions from society. At the end of the term, in February, the participation of more than 50 institutions was registered.
The energy transition is a subject that has become a trend in many countries. With the advance of global warming and its consequences, there is an urgent need for migration to a low carbon economy.
On 01/07, Bill No. 5,829/2019 was enacted, establishing the Legal Framework for Distributed Generation. The Distributed Generation (DG) was standardized for the first time in Brazil in 2012 by ANEEL. In this model, Brazilian consumers can generate their own electricity from renewable sources or qualified cogeneration. You can even supply the surplus to your local distribution network.
Bill 3865/2021 aims to encourage actions to encourage biogas and biomethane with the creation of the Incentive Program for the Production and Use of Biogas, Biomethane and Associated By-products (PIBB). The project was proposed by deputy Arnaldo Jardim, who is vice president of the Parliamentary Front for Renewable Energy. The proposal came a day after Brazil joined the Global Commitment on Methane, which provides for a 30% cut in emissions by 2030. Thus, the approval of the project would be one of the necessary steps for the country to be able to decarbonize the sectors and curb the global warming.
In September, the Nova A-5 energy auction of 2021 will be held. The highlight goes to the registered RSU energy recovery projects, which applied 12 projects with 315 MW. In total, 1,694 projects were registered, totaling 93.9 GW of supply.
The potential for generating biogas and biomethane in Brazil is great, but it is still little explored. These gases can be produced from garbage, swine and cattle manure and sewage, but there is still little government investment in the area. The highlight goes to some private projects that have been standing out in some regions.
Residues are different from waste, as the first can be used in its original form or transformed for a new purpose. The second, however, has no possibility of reuse and needs to be disposed of in the best possible way for the environment.