Biogas production has been developing in Brazil and this matrix is also a viable option for the logistics and transportation area. Understand better!
According to a study by the International Energy Agency (IEA), demand for renewable sources, such as biogas, is expected to grow in 2020. The reason is due to low operating costs and the availability of energy supplies in potential areas.
Biogas is an energy asset with a lot of growth potential in the country. It is composed of several gases and is obtained from the anaerobic digestion of organic waste, such as effluents and waste from industries, rural properties and solid waste from landfills. Biogas can be used to generate electrical and thermal energy, as well as being vehicle fuel from its purification to obtain biomethane.
To better understand the use of this source in transport and logistics, read the content to the end.
How can biogas be used in transport?
Biogas is a fuel produced from the decomposition of organic materials which, when decomposed, produce a mixture of gases, most of which is methane. By refining and purifying the biogas, it is possible to transform it into biomethane, which can be used as a fuel. Sweden, for example, is a country that has used biogas for public transport for decades. Thus, 90% of the vehicular gas network operates with biomethane.
According to Abiogás, based on all biomass produced in Brazil, 70% of the diesel used in transportation could be replaced by biomethane, whether from agribusiness or from sewage treatment. There are automakers, such as Scania, that are already creating fleets powered by gas and biomethane, in order to create competition in the market and reduce the need for diesel, as fuel for heavy fleets.
The measure positively influences the internalization of consumption, helping the development of the domestic market and creating a competitive one for fossil natural gas. As a consequence, there is a reduction in prices and attraction of investments for the sector. In addition, there are also environmental benefits, since by using biomethane as a fuel, it is possible to reduce up to 90% of CO2 emissions.
Why is it interesting to invest in this energy source?
Biogas production has grown in Brazil, as shown by the survey carried out by the International Center for Renewable Energies – CIBiogás. There are 548 plants cataloged, of which 521 are in operation, generating 1.3 billion Nm3 annually. When comparing this volume to the biogas production potential, it appears that only 1.5% of the national potential is used, making evident the high possibility of expansion in the volume of biogas to be produced in Brazil.
Studies by the Energy Research Company show that by 2030 there will be a deficit in the supply of fuel in Brazil. For this reason, alternative sources, such as biogas and biomethane have great potential for use as an alternative source of renewable fuel, accelerating the modernization of the national energy matrix and attracting investments to the sector.
Therefore, investing in biogas is also a way to boost the development of the circular economy, encompassing environmental, social and economic sustainability. In the context related to the biogas chain, this moment is an excellent opportunity to invest in the sector, not only for energy purposes, but for investments linked to the generation of biofuels.
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