The energy market in Brazil has undergone a remarkable evolution in 2023, driven by a mix of favorable government policies, technological advances and a growing interest in clean and renewable energy sources.
Market Growth and General Trends
The size of the Brazilian energy market is projected to grow from 223.21 gigawatts in 2023 to 313.94 gigawatts by 2028, with a CAGR of 7.06%. This growth is driven by a growing demand for clean, low-carbon energy sources and favorable government policies. Brazil, with its enormous potential in solar, wind and water energy, is emerging as an important player in the renewable energy market, with many ambitious projects planned. Hydropower, a mature technology in the country, remains the most dominant form of power generation, accounting for approximately 57% of total electricity generation in 2021.
Solar and Wind Energy in Brazil
Solar energy has gained prominence in the Brazilian electrical matrix. In January 2023, photovoltaic energy reached second position in Brazil’s electrical matrix, with around 11.2% representation and approximately 24 GW of installed power. ANEEL predicts that centralized solar and wind plants will represent more than 90% of the expected expansion in 2023 in the country’s electricity generation capacity. Furthermore, more than 1 million solar energy systems have already been installed in Brazil, 79% of which are residential, attracting significant investment and creating jobs.
Energy and Investment Auctions
ANEEL Auction No. 1/2023 was remarkable, with nine lots sold and an average discount of 50.97% on Forecast Annual Revenues, capturing R$15.7 billion in investments for the Brazilian electricity sector. This auction demonstrated investors’ confidence in Brazil’s regulatory framework and its contribution to the creation of jobs and the flow of clean and renewable energy throughout the country. It is estimated that these projects will generate 60 thousand direct and indirect jobs.
Biogas and Biomethane: A Promising Future
The biogas and biomethane sector in Brazil shows exceptional growth. In 2023, the country had 936 plants installed, producing around 2.8 billion cubic meters of biogas per year. Biomethane, derived from biogas, has been increasingly valued, mainly for its application in heavy vehicles, replacing natural gas and diesel. The unused potential of biogas in Brazil is estimated at 84 billion Nm³/year, related to the agricultural, sanitation and sugar-energy sectors, representing a significant opportunity for the energy transition and the low-carbon economy. By 2030, the biogas and biomethane market in Brazil is expected to reach R$40 billion, reflecting its growing role in the country’s energy matrix.
Challenges and Opportunities
Despite progress, Brazil faces challenges in delivering quality energy in some areas, especially in agricultural regions and at the end of the distribution network. Furthermore, only 17% of the country’s biogas potential is currently explored, pointing to significant opportunities for growth and development in the sector. Government incentives and investments from large companies are driving the growth of the biogas sector, with the RenovaBio public policy playing a crucial role in encouraging the use of renewable resources and expanding biofuel production.
Conclusion: A Sustainable and Innovative Future
In summary, the energy market in Brazil in 2023 was marked by robust growth, driven by an increase in clean and renewable energy sources, with a special focus on biogas and solar energy. Government support and growing investor interest are facilitating this advancement, putting Brazil on the path to becoming a global leader in renewable energy. This promising scenario not only contributes to the energy transition, but also to environmental sustainability and technological innovation, aligning Brazil with global objectives to reduce carbon and methane emissions, and proactively addressing climate change.