Energy transition is crucial to achieving a more sustainable future, as it seeks to change the energy matrix to renewable sources, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and ensuring the country's energy security. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), energy transition is one of the main measures to combat climate change and ensure a more sustainable future.
With the resumption of activities in the post-pandemic period, there was an increase in electricity consumption in Brazil. Mainly, the beverage, food and service sectors were responsible for the 1.4% increase compared to the same period last year. According to the CCEE survey, in the first half of 2022, the country consumed an average of 66.02 MW of electricity.
Initially, it is essential to understand the difference between energy matrix and electrical matrix. The first covers all sources available in a country, state or the world that meet the demand for total energy generation. The second consists only of the set of sources available to generate electricity, whether for homes, industries or other institutions.
What is the expectation for the Ten Year Energy Expansion Plan (PDE) 2031? Since January 2022, the MME has turned its attention to the PDE 2031, opening the public consultation to receive contributions from society. At the end of the term, in February, the participation of more than 50 institutions was registered.
How important is natural gas in the energy transition? The change in the energy matrix of countries is already a reality. However, each nation opts for sources that are more interesting for the domestic scenario of their countries. In this sense, Brazil has specific challenges in the application of natural gas in this process, ranging from marketing issues to infrastructure and logistics regulation.
Despite counting on the presence of fossil fuel sources, the Brazilian energy matrix is considered one of the most renewable among the world economies. While Brazil uses more than 48% of renewable sources, the world average is 14%.
The energy transition is a subject that has become a trend in many countries. With the advance of global warming and its consequences, there is an urgent need for migration to a low carbon economy.
Unfortunately, Brazil has not had a good position in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. While other countries had a reduction of almost 7% with the effects of the pandemic, our country increased this rate by 9.5%. Of the five sectors of the economy that account for the totality of emissions in the country: three increased (agriculture, waste and land use change), one remained stable (industrial processes) and one declined (energy).
The PL for solar energy proposes changes that bring more legal certainty, but there are still deadlocks regarding the compensation system. Understand the impacts.