Do you know what a reserve energy auction is? In Brazil, auctions are the main form of contracting energy. Through them, concessionaires, licensees and authorized to distribute electricity ensure market service in the Regulated Contracting Environment (ACR). The auctions are carried out by the Electric Energy Trading Chamber (CCEE), by delegation from the National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL).
In force since 2009, the old gas law established norms for the exploration of economic activities of transport, import, export, processing, regasification and commercialization. However, the law prevented the development of the natural gas market, as a single company, Petrobras, held a monopoly in several segments of the gas chain.
Do you know what shared generation is? Normative Resolution No. 482, created by the National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL), published in 2012, created rules for the segment of distributed generation in Brazil. Then, in 2015, through Normative Resolution 687, the standard received some changes that facilitated consumer adherence. It increased the term for using energy credits and resetting the power of the systems.
The Brazilian energy sector has the characteristic of being predominantly renewable, with the water matrix being the main source. It corresponds to 60% of the installed capacity in the country, but, in recent years, investments in wind, solar and biomass generation have been expanding the sector's possibilities.
Brazil is a country with a high potential for energy production, reaching 20 times greater than all current production. Thus, intensifying investment in solar energy is essential to develop the sector.
Wind energy is a clean and renewable energy source that has been gaining prominence in Brazil. Generation through wind energy takes place with the use of natural resources, in which the wind turns a huge propeller connected to a generator, creating mechanical energy and transforming it into electricity.
The reserve energy was created in order to complement the quantity contracted in the regulated environment (ACR). The sources are complementary to the hydraulic regime, being used largely when water is scarce. Thus, the plants contracted to generate reserve energy operate on the basis of SIN generation, contributing to always have an idle capacity that can be used in case of increased demand. Understand better by reading the content to the end.
In Brazil, there are only two nuclear power plants, Angra 1 and Angra 2, which are responsible for producing 3% of the energy consumed in the country. Angra 3 is still under construction and has more than 60% of the work done, but at the moment the work is at a standstill.
Those who analyze the Brazilian energy market today, do not imagine that in the recent past, blackouts were part of the routine of Brazilians. Although today the scenario is very different from that of 2001, some regions of the country still suffer from poor management of the energy sector, as happened recently in Amapá.
How to reduce electricity consumption? According to a survey conducted by Sebrae, costs such as electricity within a company can be up to 20%. The value is high and shows how important it is to find alternatives that reduce consumption and, consequently, expenses.