The transformation currently experienced makes governments, society and companies adapt and change their way of consuming and producing to maintain the climate and environment. With this scenario, it is essential that companies in the energy sector also carry out investment planning for the energy transition.
The carbon market emerged in 1997, at COP 3, in Japan. It was with the Kyoto Protocol that the first rules for regulated markets and the permission to create voluntary markets were instituted. Since then, countries have joined the market and created their own initiatives.
Unfortunately, Brazil has not had a good position in reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. While other countries had a reduction of almost 7% with the effects of the pandemic, our country increased this rate by 9.5%. Of the five sectors of the economy that account for the totality of emissions in the country: three increased (agriculture, waste and land use change), one remained stable (industrial processes) and one declined (energy).
With the water crisis, new opportunities in the energy sector emerged. If before the crisis, the most advantageous energy model was that of hydroelectric power plants, the lack of rain that caused the historic drought and, consequently, the rise in tariffs, meant that other options began to be considered in energy generation.
Distributed generation in Brazil continues to grow and reached another installed capacity record, reaching 7 GW of power in September 2021. It is worth mentioning that the 6 GW mark was achieved in June.
To carry out good asset management, it is important to understand the regulations that operate in the sector. In the case of energy, there is a clear trend towards innovation and use of technology in search of a clean and renewable matrix.
Brazil is a country with a high potential for energy production, reaching 20 times greater than all current production. Thus, intensifying investment in solar energy is essential to develop the sector.