The relationship between biogas and urban mobility is an increasingly present theme in discussions about the planet's climate future. The search for alternatives to reduce the pollution caused by vehicles powered by fossil fuels has led governments and companies to invest in new technologies. One of the solutions that is gaining space is biogas, a natural gas produced from the decomposition of organic matter.
In May 2022, Brazil took the first steps towards regulating the carbon market with the enactment of decree nº 11.075/2022. Despite leaving several gaps on this subject, the text laid the foundations for regulating the national carbon market, which has been expected for 13 years since the creation of the law that established the National Policy on Climate Change.
With the increase in adherence and the search for renewable sources, biomass has grown and developed in the Brazilian energy market. In this sense, biogas and biomethane are also highlighted. But what is the difference between them?
The carbon market emerged from the creation of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), during ECO-92, in Rio de Janeiro. The creation of the market arose from the need to find ways to decarbonize economies, transforming good results into credits.
In addition to reducing emissions, other actions, such as investments in renewable energy and capture and removal, need to take place to bring levels to zero. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the next three years will be decisive for achieving zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050.
The carbon market emerged in 1997, at COP 3, in Japan. It was with the Kyoto Protocol that the first rules for regulated markets and the permission to create voluntary markets were instituted. Since then, countries have joined the market and created their own initiatives.
The low carbon economy aims to reduce impacts on the environment and at the same time promote the development of countries. One of the pillars of this change is the search for the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, with the expansion of the use of clean energy and cost attribution to the impacts generated by the emission of polluting gases with carbon credit.