LNG is rated to be the source of transition in Brazil and the world. According to EPE, the supply growth in the country is expected to grow 45% in the next decade.
The Brazilian energy sector has the characteristic of being predominantly renewable, with the water matrix being the main source. It corresponds to 60% of the installed capacity in the country, but, in recent years, investments in wind, solar and biomass generation have been expanding the sector's possibilities.
Brazil is a country with a high potential for energy production, reaching 20 times greater than all current production. Thus, intensifying investment in solar energy is essential to develop the sector.
Wind energy is a clean and renewable energy source that has been gaining prominence in Brazil. Generation through wind energy takes place with the use of natural resources, in which the wind turns a huge propeller connected to a generator, creating mechanical energy and transforming it into electricity.
The pandemic that struck the world in 2020 imposed severe restrictions to contain the increase in infection caused by the coronavirus and had a significant impact on the energy market. With the lockdown in several countries, fuel sales decreased, as did consumption, which caused factories and industries to decrease production. In Brazil, industrial production decreased 18% in April 2020.
The reserve energy was created in order to complement the quantity contracted in the regulated environment (ACR). The sources are complementary to the hydraulic regime, being used largely when water is scarce. Thus, the plants contracted to generate reserve energy operate on the basis of SIN generation, contributing to always have an idle capacity that can be used in case of increased demand. Understand better by reading the content to the end.
In Brazil, there are only two nuclear power plants, Angra 1 and Angra 2, which are responsible for producing 3% of the energy consumed in the country. Angra 3 is still under construction and has more than 60% of the work done, but at the moment the work is at a standstill.
Those who analyze the Brazilian energy market today, do not imagine that in the recent past, blackouts were part of the routine of Brazilians. Although today the scenario is very different from that of 2001, some regions of the country still suffer from poor management of the energy sector, as happened recently in Amapá.
How to reduce electricity consumption? According to a survey conducted by Sebrae, costs such as electricity within a company can be up to 20%. The value is high and shows how important it is to find alternatives that reduce consumption and, consequently, expenses.