Brazil is experiencing a transformative moment in the way it produces and consumes energy. Distributed generation (DG) is changing the energy landscape in the country, creating new opportunities for investments and partnerships, and presenting challenges in the search for sustainability and energy efficiency.
We are experiencing a moment of energy transformation in Brazil. Solar energy, previously seen as a futuristic alternative, is now consolidating itself as a fundamental pillar for the country's sustainable development. With robust investments, technological advances and impressive growth potential, solar energy is becoming an increasingly relevant part of our energy mix.
The Legal Framework for Distributed Generation, instituted by Law No. 14,300 of 2022, completed one year of validity on January 6, 2023. Through the regulation of distributed generation, which has become an important source of renewable energy, its objective main objective was to encourage the development of projects of this type in the country. The new rule determines that those who manufacture their own energy will pay the distribution tariff, which does not happen today when they use grid energy.
In recent years, solar energy has seen exceptional growth in Brazil. For this to happen, several factors were important to build this scenario. First, the recurrent increases in energy costs for the final consumer made people migrate to cheaper alternatives.
Distributed generation is, without a doubt, one of the best concepts that have emerged in recent years, mainly because of the facilities and benefits it promotes.
In the last ten years, distributed generation has developed in Brazil, including in the distributor market. Since 2012, with ANEEL Normative Resolution No. 482/2012, Brazilian consumers can generate their own electricity from renewable sources or qualified cogeneration, and can also supply the surplus generated to the distribution network.
In addition to reducing emissions, other actions, such as investments in renewable energy and capture and removal, need to take place to bring levels to zero. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the next three years will be decisive for achieving zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050.
Energy efficiency became a topic of discussion shortly after the oil crisis in the 1970s, when it was realized that fossil reserves would not be cheap and abundant forever. In addition, it was also at this time that there was a greater awareness of the damage that the use of this type of fuel generated for the environment. As a result, it was necessary to think of alternatives to maintain energy generation, using other sources and improving the efficiency of those already used.
What is the expectation for the Ten Year Energy Expansion Plan (PDE) 2031? Since January 2022, the MME has turned its attention to the PDE 2031, opening the public consultation to receive contributions from society. At the end of the term, in February, the participation of more than 50 institutions was registered.
The energy transition is a subject that has become a trend in many countries. With the advance of global warming and its consequences, there is an urgent need for migration to a low carbon economy.