Clean energy, prosperous world and the creation of 40 million new jobs by 2050

Energia Limpa, Mundo Próspero e a Criação de 40 Milhões de Novos Empregos até 2050

The energy transition is a global process aimed at replacing fossil fuels, such as oil, coal, and natural gas, with renewable energy sources, including solar, wind, hydroelectric, among others. This shift is crucial for combating climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting environmental sustainability. Furthermore, the energy transition presents a significant opportunity to boost the global economy by stimulating technological development and creating new jobs.

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) plays a key role in promoting the energy transition. According to IRENA, the transition is not only feasible but also essential for achieving global sustainable development goals and combating climate change. The agency forecasts that the energy transition could generate up to 40 million jobs by 2050, reflecting the growth and need for expansion of renewable energies, energy efficiency, and low-carbon technologies. This growth represents not just a change in how energy is produced and consumed but also a significant transformation in global economies, offering new employment opportunities and economic development.

The importance of the energy transition extends beyond environmental benefits. It has the potential to strengthen countries’ energy security by diversifying energy sources and reducing dependence on imported fossil fuels. Moreover, transitioning to renewable energies can provide more equitable and lower-cost access to energy, benefiting communities worldwide, especially in remote or less developed regions.

IRENA and other experts in the field emphasize the need for strategic policies and investments to facilitate this transition. This includes financial incentives for renewable energies, regulations favoring the adoption of clean technologies, and investments in research and development. The success of the energy transition depends on collaboration among governments, the private sector, and civil society, with a shared commitment to achieving a sustainable and inclusive energy future.

Renewable energies, particularly solar and biogas, play crucial roles in the global energy transition. Both sources are fundamental for diversifying the energy mix, reducing dependence on fossil fuels, and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.

Solar Energy

Solar energy has emerged as one of the fastest-growing energy sources in the world. This clean and inexhaustible source of energy is captured through solar panels and photovoltaic systems, which convert sunlight into electricity. According to IRENA, the installed capacity of photovoltaic solar energy has grown exponentially over the last decade, driven by significant reductions in technology costs and increased governmental policy support. Solar energy not only contributes to carbon emission reduction but also offers economic advantages, such as job creation in manufacturing, installation, and maintenance sectors.


Biogas, produced from the decomposition of organic material in anaerobic environments, represents another vital source of renewable energy. This technology offers multiple benefits, including waste management, clean energy production, and reduction of methane emissions, a potent greenhouse gas. Additionally, biogas can be used to generate electricity, heat, and as fuel for vehicles, presenting a versatile solution for energy needs. IRENA highlights the potential of biogas to significantly contribute to the renewable energy matrix, especially in sectors such as agriculture, waste management, and wastewater treatment.

The growth of solar energy and biogas is driven by technological advancements, cost reductions, and incentive policies. The large-scale adoption of these renewable energies is essential for achieving sustainability and global development goals. Moreover, solar energy and biogas offer unique opportunities for the development of decentralized energy systems, increasing energy access in remote or underdeveloped communities and promoting energy self-sufficiency.

Economic Impact and Job Creation

The transition to cleaner and more sustainable energy sources has a significant economic impact, especially in job creation. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) projects that the energy transition could result in up to 40 million jobs by 2050. This employment growth will be primarily driven by the expansion of renewable energies, energy efficiency, and low-carbon technologies.

Growth Sectors

Renewable Energy: The expansion of renewable energies, such as solar and biogas, is at the heart of job creation in the energy transition. The manufacturing of solar panels and the installation and maintenance of photovoltaic solar systems and biogas plants are examples of labor-intensive activities. This not only creates direct jobs in these sectors but also indirect jobs in related sectors, such as component manufacturing, engineering services, and logistics.

Energy Efficiency: Investments in energy efficiency in buildings, industry, and transportation are also major job generators. Retrofit projects for buildings to make them more energy-efficient, for example, are labor-intensive and can create a significant amount of local jobs.

Energy Infrastructure: Constructing new renewable energy infrastructure, such as biogas plants and energy storage facilities, and upgrading the electrical grid to accommodate a greater share of renewable energies require a considerable workforce.

Impact on the Global Economy

The creation of jobs in the renewable energy industry has the potential to boost the global economy, especially in regions that invest in skills and education to prepare their workforce for emerging opportunities. Additionally, the energy transition can help mitigate unemployment, especially in regions impacted by the decline of the fossil fuel industry.

The jobs created by the energy transition tend to be more inclusive and diverse, opening opportunities for different demographic groups, including women and minorities, in sectors previously dominated by a homogeneous workforce. This not only contributes to economic growth but also to social development and equity.

Supportive Policies and Measures

To accelerate the energy transition and ensure its environmental and economic benefits, comprehensive and coordinated supportive policies and measures are necessary. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and other experts identify several key strategies to facilitate this process.

Government Policies

Financial Incentives: Subsidies, tax credits, and favorable-rate financing are crucial for promoting investments in renewable energies and energy efficiency technologies. Such incentives can reduce the initial cost of renewable energy projects and make them more attractive to investors and consumers.

Regulations and Standards: Establishing stringent energy efficiency standards for buildings, vehicles, and appliances can accelerate the adoption of clean technologies. Additionally, regulations that require or encourage the use of renewable energies in specific sectors can stimulate demand for low-carbon solutions.

Carbon Pricing: Implementing carbon pricing systems, such as carbon taxes or emissions trading markets, can incentivize the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and make renewable energies more competitive compared to fossil fuels.

Support for Innovation and Development

Research and Development (R&D): Investments in R&D are essential for advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, reducing costs, and improving effectiveness. Additionally, supporting innovation in energy storage, smart grids, and energy integration solutions can address intermittency challenges and ensure a reliable energy supply.

Workforce Training and Qualification: Training and education programs are essential for preparing the workforce for new employment opportunities in the renewable energy industry. This includes not only technical training but also retraining workers from traditional energy sectors.

International and Regional Cooperation

Global and Regional Agreements: International cooperation is crucial for sharing knowledge, technologies, and best practices in the energy transition. Global and regional partnerships can facilitate access to financing, promote technology transfer, and support developing countries in their energy transition.

Infrastructure Development: Investments in cross-border infrastructure, such as electrical interconnections and renewable gas networks, can increase energy security and allow for greater integration of renewable energies.

Just Transition

Support for Affected Communities: Just transition policies are necessary to support workers and communities that may be negatively affected by the energy transition. This includes financial assistance, professional retraining programs, and investments in local economic development.

Implementing these policies and measures effectively requires political commitment, financial investment, and collaboration among governments, the private sector, civil society, and international communities. A holistic and inclusive approach is essential for maximizing the benefits of the energy transition, ensuring a sustainable and prosperous future for current and future generations.


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