Towards a sustainable future: the importance of COP28 in the global energy transition

COP28 Um Marco na Agenda Climática Global

In November 2023, the world will turn its eyes to Dubai, where the 28th edition of the Conference of the Parties (COP28) will take place, a crucial event on the global climate agenda. Organized by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), COP28 represents an important milestone in the fight against climate change and in promoting a sustainable energy transition.

What is the COP?

The Conference of the Parties (COP) is an annual platform where UNFCCC member countries meet to discuss and negotiate issues related to climate change. Since its first edition in 1995 in Berlin, the COP has been instrumental in formulating global environmental policies, including initiatives such as the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.

COP28 and Its Objectives

COP28’s main objective is to review countries’ progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and implementing climate change adaptation strategies. It will be an opportunity for countries to reassess their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement and discuss new goals and approaches.

The Paris Agreement and NDCs

The Paris Agreement, established at COP21, is a global agreement to limit the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, preferably limiting the increase to 1.5°C. NDCs are individual commitments by each country to reduce their emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

Global Carbon Market and Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy

One of the central themes of COP28 will be the regulation of the global carbon market, a mechanism that allows the negotiation of carbon emissions, encouraging the reduction of emissions in an economical way. The transition to a low-carbon economy is essential to achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement, involving the switch to renewable energy sources, such as the production of biomethane by Gás Verde and the generation of electrical energy from biogas by Eva Energia.

Sustainable Agriculture and the Role of Eva Energia

In the context of sustainable agriculture, a notable example is that of Eva Energia, a company that stands out in the production of electrical energy from biogas generated in pig farming at Mano Julio Farm. This initiative represents an innovative model of sustainability in the agricultural sector, transforming pig farming waste into clean and renewable energy. This process not only contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, but also exemplifies the circular economy in practice, where waste is converted into valuable resources.

Challenges and Opportunities at COP28

COP28 will face significant challenges, especially with regard to regulating the global carbon market. The negotiations aim to establish clear and effective rules for the international trade of carbon credits, a crucial aspect of achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. Furthermore, the conference will address problems related to carbon market design, seeking solutions that avoid the misrepresentation of credits and the violation of human and territorial rights in areas of carbon removal projects.

Brazil’s Role at COP28

Brazil, with its rich biodiversity and potential in renewable energy, has a fundamental role at COP28. The country is a key actor in discussions about sustainable agriculture, forest conservation and renewable energy. Brazil’s active participation is essential to advance global negotiations and implement effective solutions to climate challenges.

Technological Innovations and Future Commitments

As COP28 approaches, it is essential to highlight the role of technological innovations in mitigating climate change. The development of carbon capture technologies, solar and wind energy, and other sustainable solutions will be crucial to achieving the goals set out in the Paris Agreement. Furthermore, COP28 will provide a platform for countries to share their experiences and technological advances, promoting more effective collaboration.

The Importance of Global Participation

COP28 is not just a gathering of climate leaders and experts; It is a global event that requires the active participation of all sectors of society. The inclusion of diverse voices, including indigenous communities, non-governmental organizations and the private sector, is critical to ensuring a holistic and effective approach to climate challenges.


COP28 is a unique opportunity to redefine the future of our planet. With global collaboration, technological innovation and a commitment to sustainability, we can create a greener, more resilient path for future generations. The conference in Dubai will be a defining moment for global climate action, setting the tone for future efforts to combat climate change.


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